14.10.2021 Business Psychology: What is a specific Indian perspective on leadership? Professor Dr. Subhash Sharma (Bangalore) answers in "Wirtschaftspsychologie" Nr. 3/2021:
The leader improves the managerial effectiveness in a self evolution model. "At level one is the selfish gene model, at level two it is self-interest, level three self-actualisation, level four is self-ethicalization and level five self-realisation. The idea of selfish gene rooted in biology, self-interest in economics, self-actualisation in psychology (Maslow´s idea), self-ethicalization in ethics literature - and self-realisation is rooted in spirituality.