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Hard of hearing people: Sense of coherence contributes to well-being

Hard of hearing people who have a high sense of coherence (sensu, Salutogenesis, Antonovsky) show significant less emotional stress experiences, and they also show more proactive, assimilative coping behaviors and at the same time less defensive, accomodative coping behaviors, Professor Dr. Manfred Hintermair and Katrin Wälder (Heidelberg/Germany) in a new research found.

"Higher scores for accomodative coping strategies and, at the same time, proactive coping behavior (assimilative coping strategies) is associated with higher emotional stress. It is supposed that while engaging in proactive strategies (not hide the hearing problem but reveal it), this behavior is associated with a cumulated energy demand for hard of hearing people, because to moderate such strategies to hearing persons may be an exhausting endeavor.
All in all the importance of sense of coherence for the theoretical framework of emotional well-being of hard of hearing people is supported by the empirical data of this study," the authors conclude.
A special interesting point "concerns the finding that, more often than not, the coping behavior of hard of hearing persons who went to general schools is accomodative, unlike the behaviour of those who attended a school for the hard of hearing. In view of the current discussion on inclusion and its aim of closing down special educational institutions for hard of hearing students, this finding might represent a seed that could develop into a huge task for education in the sense of implementing helpful coping strategies for hard of hearing students at general schools ..."

Exploring Mental Health: Theoretical and Empirical Discourses on Salutogenesis
Mayer, Claude-Hélène; Krause, Christina (Eds.)